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„You wouldn’t survive a single night here“ – Zur aktuellen Situation in Serbien

Von Marlene Becker und Marc Speer

Einleitung

Seit einigen Wochen gibt es einen wahren journalistischen Hype um die alten Lagerhallen direkt hinter dem Belgrader Bahnhof. Auf etlichen Bildern [1], in Artikeln [2] und in Videos [3] wurden die Gegebenheiten dokumentiert, unter denen dort etwa 1.000 Geflüchtete – fast ausschließlich Männer, darunter auch viele Minderjährige – seit Wochen und Monaten ausharren. Anfang Februar 2017 reiste auch bordermonitoring.eu wieder nach Serbien. Weniger um ebenfalls die mittlerweile „berühmten“ Lagerhallen zu besuchen, sondern vielmehr, um einerseits einige der anderen Orte zu besuchen, die von Relevanz im gegenwärtigen serbischen Migrationsregime sind. Andererseits aber auch, um zu sehen und zu verstehen, ob bzw. in welcher Form sich die Situation vor Ort seit den Recherchen (im Sommer 2016) für unseren letzten Bericht  Governing the Balkan Route: Macedonia, Serbia and the European Border Regime verändert hat.

„You wouldn’t survive a single night here“ – Zur aktuellen Situation in Serbien weiterlesen

Governing the Balkan Route: Macedonia, Serbia and the European Border Regime

Together with the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Southeast Europe, bordermonioring.eu e.V. recently published a report on the Balkan Route:

Download as PDF

The growth and development of transit migration along the Balkan route in 2015 and 2016 highlighted the major role Macedonia and Serbia played, not merely as the main countries of passage, but as important buffer areas within the framework of the European border regime. This research paper first examines the development and transformations of Macedonian and Serbian national migration policies and legislation in the past two decades in the light of the EU accession process. It identifies the key historical and geopolitical factors that significantly shaped them, as well as the distinct strategies the two countries pursued in coping with often countervailing EU demands, local socio-political considerations and actual migration movements and practices. The paper proceeds to analyze the gradual establishment of a formalized corridor through the Balkans by tracing the ways in which Macedonia and Serbia strategically positioned themselves in how they governed the transit migration through their territory, dynamically shifting between humanitarianism and securitization throughout the time before the formalized corridor emerged, during its existence, in the process of its closure, and after it was shut down.

Two new video clips from Moving Europe

Many of the 60’000 refugees currently stuck in Greece have a relative, who resides already in Germany or in other EU member states, but those still in Greece are denied the right of family reunification. One keeps them waiting or overwhelms them with bureaucratic requests that can hardly be fulfilled. Simply the initial registration in Greece, which is required for any further requests, can take months. Read the full statement here.

RECENT REPRESSION ON PEOPLE ON THE MOVE IN SERBIA

Since some weeks the Bordermonitoring Serbia Blog is online, where permanently updated information on the constantly changing situation in Serbia can be found.  Below, the first report written by Bordermonitoring Serbia itself. 

Since the 15th of July, the day that prime minister Aleksandar Vučić held a speech [1] about the problems Serbia is facing at the moment, the situation in Serbia for people on the move has become more and more tense. The speech was an awaited response to the legal changes made in Hungary on July 5th (“8 kilometer” push-back law [2]) which set a legal frame for the Hungarian authorities to push back thousands of people to Serbian territory.

RECENT REPRESSION ON PEOPLE ON THE MOVE IN SERBIA weiterlesen

Bericht zu Bulgarien

Die (migrations-)politische Situation in Bulgarien stellt sich häufig als sehr komplex, undurchsichtig und vor allem negativ dar. Der neue Bericht Die Situation für Flüchtende in Bulgarien im Kontext der Schließung des ‚humanitären Korridors‘, veröffentlicht von Moving Europe und Bordermonitoring.eu (Autor: Mathias Fiedler) wirkt dem entgegen. Er enthält, neben anderem, sowohl Informationen zur aktuellen Situation an den Grenzen Bulgariens, als auch zu den offenen und geschlossenen Flüchtlingslagern im Land. Als PDF (mit sämtlichen Quellenangaben) lässt sich der Bericht hier herunterladen.

GÄNZLICH UNERWÜNSCHT. Entrechtung, Kriminalisierung und Inhaftierung von Flüchtlingen in Ungarn.

Download als PDF
Download als PDF

Der von bordermonitoring.eu und Pro Asyl gemeinsam veröffentlichte Bericht zeichnet im ersten Teil zunächst die Entwicklungen von Beginn des Jahres 2015 bis zum Frühjahr 2016 nach. Im zweiten Teil wird detailliert auf die beiden Gesetzespakete eingegangen, die im Sommer 2015 verabschiedet wurden und das individuelle Asylrecht in Ungarn faktisch abgeschafft haben – insbesondere durch die Erklärung Serbiens zum „sicheren Drittstaat“. Der dritte Teil geht auf die Inhaftierung von Asylsuchenden ein. Der vierte Teil beschreibt den staatlichen Umgang mit Dublin-Rückkehrern sowie zurückgeschobenen Personen mit Schutzstatus und die Bedingungen, mit denen sie in Ungarn konfrontiert sind.

Eviction of Idomeni

Updates from the eviction in Idomeni

Statement of Moving Europe:

Since heavy clashes between the Greek police and inhabitants of the makeshift camp of Idomeni erupted and most of the people had to experience police violence by tear gas1, the situation in Idomeni has not calmed down. During the weekend, intense rain transformed the camp into a mud place again2, and supporting structures were increasingly limited in accessing the camp. Cars have been stopped and searched, and volunteers were taken to police stations for several hours for questioning.

Eviction of Idomeni weiterlesen

Verengung 2.0. auf der Balkanroute

Dieser Beitrag entstand im Rahmen des Projekts Moving Europe. Aktuell sind wir vor Ort in Belgrad, Sofia, Idomeni und Athen.

Am Sonntag, den 21. Februar 2016 schloss Mazedonien die Grenze für Geflüchtete, die aus Afghanistan stammen. Dies stellt gewissermaßen die nächste „Verengung“ der Balkanroute dar, die schon lange erwartet wurde, nachdem in Idomeni – wo sich der Grenzübergang von Griechenland nach Mazedonien befindet – bereits seit November des letzten Jahres nur noch SyrerInnen, IrakerInnen und AfghanInnen passieren durften. Bereits diese erste „Verengung“ führte zu massiven Protesten, die wir ausführlich dokumentierten.

Verengung 2.0. auf der Balkanroute weiterlesen

Live Ticker Eidomeni restarted

On the 18th of November 2015, Slovenia closed its borders for refugees who are not from Syria, Afghanistan or Iraq. Just a little later, Croatia, Serbia and Macedonia also adopted this practice of segregation. There is little doubt about that this policy was pushed by the European Union as a starting point for slowing down or even stopping the flow over the Balkan route. Thousands of refugees were stuck in Eidomeni, Greece, and started to protest. The Moving Europe Bus was on the spot and reported live from the 22nd of November to the 11th of December 2015 – when the camp had been evicted. On the 5th of February 2016, we decided to restart our live-ticker as the new year has already seen several attempts from the European Union to slow down the migration movement towards Europe. Macedonia seems to become a key player in this strategy. For several weeks the Macedonian border authorities have slowed down the transit process. The predictable effect of this, given the high arrival numbers to the Greek islands, is that thousands are becoming stuck in Greece. On the 3th of February the Macedonian government announced its plans to strengthen border controls which will further reduce the speed of the transit process. In the meantime, the Greek authorities have established a new buffer zone near to Eidomeni. Since the camp at the border has already become highly overcrowded, there are fears that the violent scenes of last December in Eidomeni will be repeated. Therefore the authorities have decided that people should be kept at bay, at a gas station on the highway that is 20 km far away from the border (at Polykastro). For weeks migrants have had to stay there for hours under miserable conditions. Since the end of January the situation at the Greek border zone has escalated once more. There is only a trickle of people being let through to Macedonia and now people at the gas station have to wait for days before their buses finally leave towards the border. On the 3rd of February 2016 thousands of them decided not to wait any longer at the petrol station and started to walk towards the Macedonian border (#marchofhope 2). Further protests and tensions are to be expected. The Moving Europe Bus is on the spot since the 2nd of February and reports live from Polykastro and Eidomeni.

Live-Ticker –>